The word Consciencism was coined by President Kwame Nkrumah of Ghana and Co-President of Guinea, in a small book named, ‘Consciencism, Philosophy and Ideology of Decolonization’, first published in 1964. The word Consciencism is a construct of the word conscience and the suffix ism. For our purposes, the root word, conscience, can be defined as, ‘the capacity and urge to distinguish right from wrong as a guide to human activity’. The suffix ism, in this instance is, ‘the theory, practice and philosophy of that to which it pertains’. Accordingly, Consciencism is, “The theory, practice and philosophy of distinguishing right from wrong as a guide to human action.” As stated in the title of Nkrumah’s book, Consciencism is both philosophy and ideology. As philosophy it explains the world and the principles that govern it. As ideology it directs our actions towards our collective political, economic and social objectives. For . . .